اثر درآمدهای گردشگری بر نابرابری درآمد با رویکرد رگرسیون پانل کوانتایل (مطالعه موردی: منتخب کشورهای درحال‌توسعه)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشکده اقتصاد دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، اقتصاد، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

10.22054/tms.2019.10432

چکیده

نابرابری درآمدوتلاشدرراستای کاهشآن،یکیازمهم‌ترین دغدغه‌های جوامع در دنیای کنونی محسوب می‌شود؛ کشورها از یک‌سو به دنبال منابعی درآمدزا و از سوی دیگر در تلاش جهت کاهش نابرابری‌های درآمدی هستند. صنعت گردشگری به‌عنوان گسترده­ترین و یکی از مهم‌ترین صنایع درآمدزا و اشتغال­زا، می‌تواند دستیابی به هر دو هدف را هم‌زمان فراهم آورد. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش داده­های ترکیبی و رویکرد رگرسیون کوانتایل در منتخبی از کشورهای درحال‌توسعه (شامل 31 کشور) به بررسی اثر درآمدهای گردشگری بر نابرابری درآمد در فاصله زمانی 2015-1995 پرداخته‌شده است. مزیت استفاده از این مدل ارزیابی متغیر پاسخ (نابرابری درآمد)، در برابر دخالت متغیرهای مستقل (به‌ویژه درآمدهای گردشگری)، نه‌تنها در مرکز ثقل داده‌ها، بلکه در تمام قسمت‌های توزیع به‌ویژه در دهک‌های ابتدایی و انتهایی است. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که درآمدهای گردشگری منجر به کاهش نابرابری درآمد به‌طور مستقیم و غیرمستقیم از کانال کاهش بیکاری می‌شود. به‌علاوه کشورهایی که در سطوح یا کوانتایل‌های بالاتر نابرابری قرار دارند از منافع گردشگری در جهت کاهش نابرابری به میزان بیشتری بهره‌مند می‌شوند. لذا آن‌ها می‌توانند از سیاست‌های توسعه گردشگری در جهت کاهش نابرابری به‌طور مؤثرتری بهره‌مند گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Tourism Revenues on Income Inequality with the Quantiles Panel Regression Approach (Case study: Selected Developing Countries)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen mehrara 1
  • Pegah Shirmohammadi 2
1 Professor department of economics, faculty of economics of Tehran university
2 Ph. D. Student of Economics, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Income inequality and efforts to reduce it is one of the most important concerns of societies in the current world. on the one hand, countries are looking for income-generating resources, and on the other hand, they are trying to reduce income inequalities. The tourism industry is considered as the most widespread and one of the most important income and employment generator industries, can achieve both goals at the same time. In this study, using mixed data method and Panel Quantiles regression approach in a selection of developing countries (including 31 countries), the effect of tourism revenues on income inequality in the period of 1995-2015 has been investigated. The advantage of using this model is to evaluate the response variable (inequality of income) against the interference of independent variables (especially tourism revenues), not only in the data center of mass but also in all parts of the distribution, especially in the initial and final deciles. The results of the research show that tourism revenues lead to a decrease in income inequality directly and indirectly by reducing unemployment. In addition, countries that are at higher levels or quantiles of inequalities are more likely to use the benefits of tourism to reduce inequality. Therefore, they can benefit from tourism development policies to reduce inequality more effectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • income inequality
  • Tourism Income
  • Quantile panel Regression

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